AHNE Bryniau Clwyd / Clwydian Range AONB


There is a rich and varied history of the Clwydian Range, linked to the way in which the land has been used by people over the centuries. This timeline provides a snapshot of the history of the area.

Denbighshire’s County Archaeologist works with the Countryside Service to ensure awareness, conservation and care of our archaeological sites on the Clwydian Range.



Example site within AONB
Palaeolithic Before c. 8000 BC Hunter gatherers Cae Gwyn and Ffynnon Beuno Tremeirchion date to around 30,000 BC.
Mesoloithic c. 8000 BC to 3500 BC Hunter Gatherers Flint Flakes from LynxCave, Llanferres and Moel Arthur.
Neolithic c. 3500 BC to 2000 BC First farmers living in settled communities Gop Cairn Trelawnydd and flint flakes indicating settlement from Bryn Llwyn, Gwaenysgor and Moel Hiraddug, Dyserth.
Bronze Age c. 2000 BC to c. 800 BC Settled farmers acquired metal working skills Many burial mounds (barrows, tumili, cairns) as at Moel y Parc and The Piggeries, Llanarmon yn Ial.
Iron Age c. 800 BC to c. 43 AD Settled farmers and warring tribes people perfecting their metal working skills Many Hillforts like Moel y Gaer, Llanbedr, Moel Arthur, Penycloddiau and Foel Fenlli.
Roman 43 AD to c. 410 AD An invading culture bringing organized military force and administrative structures Roman road crossing the Range at Rhuallt, Roman coins from Prestatyn Hillside with possible lead mining, coin hoard from Foel Fenlli, Roman road adjacent to Loggerheads Country Park.
  c. 410 AD to 1066 Early development of Welsh princely territories, introduction of Christianity Many of the village church sites in the Range came into existence at this time, like Llanarmon yn Ial.
Medieval 1066 to c. 1500 Invasion into England by The Normans, gradual replacement of Welsh law with English law Medieval parkland at Bathafarn and Bache Graig, Welsh Motte and Bailey castle at Tomen y Rhodwydd, Llandegla.
Post Medieval 1500 to Present Day Development towards modern day landscape and administrative set up Development of the villages like Llandyrnog, Cilcain and also establishment of picturesque landscapes like Golden Grove and Colomendy.
Industrial Predominantly 18th, 19thand early 20thcentury Technological developments leading to exploitation of the mineral wealth of the Range Lead mining on Prestatyn hillside and in the AlynValley at Loggerheads, many mill sites along the Wheeler and AlynRivers.


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