AHNE Bryniau Clwyd / Clwydian Range AONB



The purple heather-clad hills of the Clwydian Range and Llantysilio Mountains were created from mud and sand deposited on the sea bed which covered this part of Wales approximately 400 million years ago.Hillfort - Moel Arthur

Earth movements lifted these rocks to create the mountains and hills, with the intervening valleys scraped out by the movement of glaciers.
During the Iron Age, about 2,500 years ago, people built defended villages on the hilltops, taking advantage of the landform created by geological processes millions of years earlier. They lived in timber roundhouses protected by ramparts (earthen banks and ditches).

This spectacular chain of hillforts stretches from Moel Hiraddug in the north to Caer Drewyn in the south-west, forming one of the most important historic landscapes in Wales.

Although the hillforts are so prominent, very little is known about them or their relationship to each other. There are many possible ways in which they may have been used – defence, farming, meeting places and symbols of status.

The Heather and Hillforts Landscape Partnership, a five-year project funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and completed in 2012, aimed to conserve and maintain the heritage of the hillforts and heather moorland.

It wanted to reconnect people to the uplands and increase their enjoyment of them through interpretation, education and special events.

The result was a series of initiatives to conserve the hillforts, restore the moorland, improve access to the sites and raise understanding of a landscape visited by more than half a million people ever year – many of them completely unaware of the natural and historic significance of their destination.

Included in the Heather and Hillforts project were Penycloddiau, Moel Arthur, Moel y Gaer Llanbedr, Moel Fenlli, Moel y Gaer Llantysilio and Caer Drewyn.  


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